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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 43-46

Experience with human tail and its outcome

1 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Nepal National Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suman Bikram Adhikari
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Nepal National Hospital, Kathmandu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajps.AJPS_48_20

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There are some common genetic heritages between human and mammals. Human tail, though rare is one of the most noticeable. Till the date, around 60 cases reported in the literature. A true human tail is a benign vestigial caudal cutaneous structure composed of adipose, connective tissue, muscle, vessels and nerves. A true human tail can be distinguished from a pseudotail as the latter is commonly associated with underlying spinal dysraphism, which requires specialised management. We report a case series of four caudal appendages. Two clients were infants, while others two were toddler and presented with cutaneous appendage arising from the lumbosacral region. Out of four, only one had associated spinal dysraphism and neurological manifestation while others did not have spinal dysraphism and neurological manifestation. The appendage was removed by the surgical excision. Clinicians should emphasise the use of 'true tail' and 'pseudo-tail' as the specific disparate terms as the clinical, radiological and histological findings of these conditions differs significantly, along with the management strategies and outcomes.

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