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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 58-61

Oesophageal atresia without major cardiovascular anomalies: Is management justified at a district paediatric surgical institution?

1 Department of Paediatric Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Patras; Department of Paediatric Surgery, Patras Children's Hospital, Patras, Greece
2 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Patras Children's Hospital, Patras, Greece
3 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Patras, Greece
4 Department of Respiratory Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Patras, Greece

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Xenophon Sinopidis
Department of Paediatric Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Rion, Patras 26 504
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajps.AJPS_113_20

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Background: Oesophageal atresia lacks sufficiently documented treatment approach, as guidelines are based rather on the opinion of experts than on systematic data. We aimed to answer the question if treatment of patients without major cardiovascular anomalies could be justified at a peripheral paediatric surgical institution, by evaluating the outcome of surgical correction. Methods: Thirty-three neonates underwent surgery for correction of oesophageal atresia during a period of 20 years. They were categorised into two time-period groups, to follow-up the evolution of surgical intervention and complications through time. Evaluation of post-operative outcome and morbidity was performed. The results were related to those of our recent cross-sectional study on families having experienced oesophageal atresia performed years after repair, regarding the long-term quality of life. Results: A shift from staged to primary repair occurred throughout time in the patients with a marginal long gap between proximal and distal oesophagus (P = 0.008). Anastomotic stenosis was the major short-term complication encountered, treated with post-operative dilation sessions. Dysphagia and reflux were the most common long-term complications. Conclusions: Oesophageal atresia without severe cardiovascular abnormalities could be treated at a peripheral paediatric surgical department with satisfactory outcomes. However, qualified paediatric surgeons, anaesthesiologists and neonatologists and the availability of neonatal intensive care unit should be definitively required.

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