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Urinary flow rates in anterior hypospadias: Before and after repair and its clinical implication

1 Department of Paediatric Surgery, IMS Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Paediatric Surgery, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Pranay Panigrahi,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, IMS, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221 005, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajps.ajps_125_21

Context: Hypospadias is a common urological anomaly which could be surgically corrected with good cosmetic results. Aims: We aimed to detect changes in urinary flow parameters both before and after tubularised incised plate urethroplasty (TIPU) using uroflowmetry. Settings and Design: Data collected were clinically implemented hypothesising the probability of urethrocutaneous fistula following stricture with Qmax variation. Materials and Methods: This study is a prospective analysis done from December 2017 to October 2019. A total of 104 cases of anterior hypospadias were included in the study. A single surgical unit did TIPU. Pre-operative and post-operative uroflowmetry was done, and Qmax was recorded at 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after surgery. Mean Qmax was calculated for all intervals. A significant decrease in Qmax of a child (<2 standard deviation) was ascertained. Urethral calibration was done in those cases with a significant decrease of Qmax and analysed statistically. Results: The mean age was 6.97 ± 2.41 years. Out of 104 children, 73 (70.2%) and 31 (29.8%) had distal and mid-shaft hypospadias, respectively. The pre-operative mean Qmax of the population was 6.20 ± 0.42 ml/s. Arithmetic mean Qmax at 3 months, 6 months and 1 year was 8.53 ± 0.42, 11.18 ± 0.47 and 13.71 ± 0.44 ml/s, respectively. On comparing the pre-operative with post-operative mean Qmax, a significant increase was found postoperatively (P < 0.0001). Twenty-four patients had significantly decreased Qmax value after 6 months. In these patients, follow-up urethral dilation was done with significant improvement. Conclusion: The changes in maximum flow rate (Qmax) are suitable for use in routine follow-up. A significant decrease in Qmax over time indicates the onset of urethral stricture. These cases are to be intervened before venturing to redo urethroplasty.

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