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   2017| April-June  | Volume 14 | Issue 2  
    Online since March 5, 2018

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One or Two Stages Procedure for Repair of Rectovestibular Fistula: Which is Safer? (A Single Institution Experience)
Mohammed Khalifa, Khalid Shreef, Mohammad Ahmad Al Ekrashy, Tarek Abdelazim Gobran
April-June 2017, 14(2):27-31
DOI:10.4103/ajps.AJPS_61_16  PMID:29511136
Background: Rectovestibular fistula (RVF) is the most common type of anorectal malformations in females. The need for a diverting colostomy during correction of defect has ignited a heated debate. In this study, we reviewed the girls with RVF that had been treated by either one or two stage procedure in the past 10 years in our institution to define whether one stage or two stage procedures is safer and more beneficial for the patients. Materials and Methods: Seventy girls with RVF that had been operated from January 2005 to January 2015 were studied retrospectively. Data were obtained from medical hospital records. The cases were divided into two groups. Group A (46 patients): were operated by two stages technique (simultaneous sigmoid colostomy and anterior sagittal anorectoplasty [ASARP]). Group B (24 patients): were operated by one stage (ASARP without covering colostomy). The short-term outcome as regard wound infection, wound dehiscence, anal stenosis, anal retraction, recurrence of fistula as well as complications of colostomy was reported. The long-term outcome as regard soiling, constipation and voluntary bowel movement was evaluated. Results: The age of patients at the time of surgery ranged from 3 months to 2 years (mean; 9.5 months). In Group A, seven patients (15.2%) developed wound infection, two patients developed wound disruption. One patient developed anterior anal retraction and required redo-operation, anal stenosis was noticed in five (10.9%) patients. Complications from colostomy had occurred in nine patients (19.5%). In Group B, wound infection occurred in ten patients (41.7%). Seven patients (29.2%) developed wound disruption. Anal stenosis occurred in eight patients (33.3%). Five patients required redo-operation because of anal retraction in three patients and recurrence of fistula in the other two patients. Constipation recorded in 15 patients (32.6%) of Group A and in ten patients (41.3%) of Group B. Soiling was reported in six girls (13.04%) of Group A and five girls (20.8%) of Group B. Conclusion: The avoidance of colostomy is not outweighed achieving sound operation and continent child. Two stages correction of RVF is safer and more beneficial than one stage procedure, especially in our locality and for our paediatric surgeons during their learning curve.
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Unusual Ileal Anomalies Associated with Omphalomesenteric Duct Remnants
Mohamed Ouladsaiad, Najoua Aballa, El Ouafi El Aouni Kamili, Karima Fouraiji
April-June 2017, 14(2):32-33
DOI:10.4103/ajps.AJPS_67_16  PMID:29511137
The association between omphalomesenteric duct remnants and other digestive tract malformations is not rare. Most associated anomalies are reported with Meckel's diverticulum. We report two associated anomalies which were never reported: an ileal stenosis and an ileal duplication. Surgeons must be aware of associated anomalies to prevent post-operative complications.
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Reoperation of Anastomotic Stricture after Oesophageal Atresia Repair: An Uncommon Event
AL Azakpa, OM Moulot, M Ehua, R Bankole-Sanni
April-June 2017, 14(2):34-36
DOI:10.4103/ajps.AJPS_62_15  PMID:29511138
Oesophageal atresia is a common malformation in which the survival rate in developed countries is around 90%, while its mortality remains very high in developing countries. Oesophageal stricture post-oesophageal atresia repair is traditionally treated by non-surgical approach. However, surgical resection of the oesophageal stricture may be necessary after the failure of dilations. We report one case of refractory oesophageal stricture post-EA repair in a 3-year-old girl, who underwent oesophageal atresia Type III repair at 11-day-old. We performed an end-to-end oesophageal anastomosis with tracheal oesophageal fistula closure by extra-pleural approach. The patient was lost to follow-up for 3 years. She was seen later for anastomotic oesophageal stricture with the failure of oesophageal dilatations. Surgical resection of oesophageal stricture was performed with end-to-end oesophageal anastomosis.
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Factors Associated with the Risk of Persistent Gastrostomy Site Infection Following Laparoscopic or Open Nissen Fundoplication
Hisayuki Miyagi, Shohei Honda, Masahi Minato, Tadao Okada, Akinobu Taketomi
April-June 2017, 14(2):21-23
DOI:10.4103/ajps.AJPS_57_16  PMID:29511134
Background: Gastrostomy for feeding disorders or swallowing dysfunctions can be complicated by persistent gastrostomy site infection (PGSI). PGSI causes nutrient leakage, with dilated PGSI requiring gastrostomy reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the causes, patient characteristics, and perioperative management of PGSI after Nissen fundoplication and gastrostomy for patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux. Patients and Methods: The records of all patients who underwent Nissen fundoplication and gastrostomy for gastro-oesophageal reflux over the past 12 years were retrieved. Risk factors were analysed, including age at surgery, gender, operative procedure, use of postoperative ventilator management, gastrostomy tube migration towards the pylorus, bacterial culture results, and length of hospital stay. PGSI as a cause of inflammation was analysed statistically. Results: Forty patients were identified, ranging in age from 1 to 49 years (median, 11 years) surgically. Twenty each underwent laparoscopic and open surgery, with all undergoing gastrostomy using the Stamm technique. Four patients developed PGSI. Gastrostomy tubes had migrated postoperatively to the pyloric side in three of these four patients (P < 0.005), increasing intragastric pressure. Three of these four patients also required positive pressure ventilation during the perioperative period (P < 0.001). Conclusion: PGSI correlates with the perioperative management of positive pressure and with increased intragastric pressure resulting from pyloric obstruction, which is caused by aberrant distribution of the gastrostomy tube to the pyloric side. Statistical Analysis Used: Factors in the two groups were compared statistically by Mann–Whitney U-test to determine whether PGSI caused inflammation. Statistical significance was defined as P < 0.05.
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Retroperitoneoscopic Varicocelectomy in Adolescents: Long-term Follow-up in Two Italian Centres
Molinaro Francesco, Cobellis Giovanni, Cerchia Elisa, Ferrara Francesco, Tallarico Rosella, Sica Marina, Noviello Carmine, Martino Ascanio, Angotti Rossella, Messina Mario
April-June 2017, 14(2):24-26
DOI:10.4103/ajps.AJPS_58_16  PMID:29511135
Background: The varicocele is the most commonly diagnosed pre-pubertal andrological condition with an incidence of 10%–15% between adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of retroperitoneoscopic varicocelectomy (RV) in two Italian centres with particular attention to post-operative testicular volume and semen analysis after 18 years of life. Materials and Methods: From 1999 to 2010, 286 adolescents underwent retroperitoneoscopic left varicocelectomy. Of these patients, 67 were evaluated by clinical examination, ultrasound and semen analysis, allowing an adequate long-term follow-up. Results: Surgery was performed at a mean age of 13 years (range 10–17) without intraoperative complications. There were two recurrences (3%), two left testis hypotrophy (3%) and four hydroceles (6%), not yet undergone surgery because asymptomatic or without tension. Currently, 44 patients accepted to perform semen analysis which showed a reduction in sperm motility in 12 cases, with associated morphological alterations in 3 and reducing number of spermatozoa in one case. Conclusions: In consideration of morphological and biomolecular spermatic alterations reported in adolescent varicocele that could interfere with cellular migration, differentiation and nutrition, it is fundamental to consider the correction of varicocele, not only for the classical indications, but also as a choice for arresting the progressive damage that inevitably acts for several years on the adolescent testis. The RV in adolescents is a safe and feasible procedure for experienced paediatric laparoscopic surgeons with early good clinical outcomes, but more studies occur to understand the real impact of adolescent varicocelectomy on testicular function.
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